What is changing?

One of the consequences mandated by the Financial Stability Board (FSB) in 2014 following the financial crisis was to initiate the replacement of benchmark interest rates such as London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates (‘IBORs’) by robust and reliable alternative replacement rates, a process hereinafter referred to as “IBOR Reform”. Consequently, some interest rate benchmarks changed their calculation methedologies or benchmarks, such as LIBOR, were phased out or will end in the future.

This page focuses on the implications of the IBOR reform.

Cessation of LIBOR benchmarks


Given that LIBOR was widely used in various products and the volume of transactions referencing LIBOR was large, the discontinuation had a significant impact on both existing and future transactions, particularly in loans, bonds and derivatives.

On March 5, 2021 the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) formally announced the dates of the future cessation or loss of representativeness of all 35 LIBOR settings currently published by ICE Benchmark Administration Limited (IBA).

The cessation of LIBOR settings is fragmented. All GBP, EUR, CHF, JPY, and some lesser-used USD LIBOR tenors (1W and 2M), ceased publication after 31 December 2021. The remaining USD LIBOR tenors will cease publication after 30 June 2023. Some GBP, JPY, and USD tenors will be non-representative after their respective cessation dates, allowing the FCA to potentially extend publication of these rates on a “synthetic” basis for use in “tough legacy” contracts only. 

Risk Free Rates, new alternative replacement rates for LIBOR
Developments in other currencies
What does it mean for me as a Danske Bank customer?
Danske bank’s webinars and FAQs
More information on the IBOR reform


Please be advised that this page contains general information. It does not contain recommendations of any kind. You can always contact your regular contact person in Danske Bank if you wish to receive individual information about the IBOR Reform and how it impacts you.